Should I Pay for SBP or Buy a Life Insurance Policy?

I run into a lot of people who balk at the price of the Survivor Benefit Plan (and the reserve component version, as well).  They typically respond with a gruff “I don’t want to pay that” statement and then claim they’ll just buy a life insurance policy instead.

 

Some people also say they don’t want their pay “reduced” in order to cover their spouse.  I have a counter to that.  When you receive your leave and earnings statement and see a deduction for Servicemembers Group Life Insurance or an allotment for a car payment, is your pay being reduced or are you paying for a product or service?  The answer, naturally, is you’re paying for a service / product.

 

Sure, the reserve component survivor benefit plan can equal as much as 3.5% of retired pay and its active component version can be as high as 6.5% (reservists pay both premiums when they receive retired pay. The rules are slightly different for active duty retirees).  Ten percent of your money coming out of your monthly payment can seem like a lot and life insurance can be a tempting alternative.  Is it the best idea, though?

 

I have found it best to compare life insurance to the SBP and see how things pan out.  I am going to do this for you in this article.  For this comparison, I am going to use the example of a master sergeant (or pay grade E-8, for those of you who are not Army) who has 5,000 retirement points.

 

This individual would have, roughly, a $2,000 per month retirement payment.  His SBP premium for a spouse (who is three years younger than he is) would be around $200.  That sounds like a lot, yes, but let’s take a closer look at the numbers.  I am including a copy of my calculations in the resources section so you can follow along, if you like.

 

Let’s assume this person has a $250,000 life insurance policy and dies this year at the age of fifty-four.  For a fair comparison, we’ll also assume the widow only draws from the payout the same amount of money she would get in survivor benefits (she would likely need more to sustain herself).  If the widow were to take from that policy only the amount she would receive from the SBP ($1,100 per month which is 55% of the service member’s retirement), she would run out of money at the age of seventy-one.  It is possible to outlive a life insurance policy but you cannot outlive the survivor benefit plan.

 

The actuaries at the Department of Defense (read bean-counters) estimate the widow would live until the age of eighty-five.  This means she would have fourteen years without any money from the life insurance policy (we won’t count other streams of income).  If the husband’s intent had been to provide enough money for her to live at least at a subsistence level (again without considering other income), he has fallen short.  My calculator estimates he would need over $550,000 in life insurance in order to allow her to survive until eighty-five.  If he wanted her to have twice as much money each month ($2,200), he would need over $1.1 million.

 

This is a lot of money no matter who you ask.  Now let’s take the cost of life insurance into account.  Not only that, let’s take the husband’s age into account.  A fifty-seven year old man who is seeking $550,000 in life insurance is going to pay a hefty premium for that much coverage even if he is in good health and doesn’t smoke.  Now imagine what it could be if he wanted twice that much insurance.

 

I had a man who was wanting to do just this.  I told him he would face a much higher premium than the SBP premium for equivalent life insurance.  He decided to check anyway (and I applaud him for it).  He wanted $800,000 in coverage and went to one of many life insurances websites for a quote.  The best offer he was able to get as a premium was $788 per month.  The SBP amount was less than half of that.  He decided to do what I suggested which was in that case to keep the amount of life insurance he currently had and take the SBP coverage.  He chose to do just that.

 

My suggestion to that person is exactly what I typically recommend to people who bring up the life insurance option.  Supplement the SBP, I say, but don’t refuse it.  Most people accept my advice, thankfully.

 

Now let’s talk about a few other items of interest regarding the survivor benefit plan.  First, the premiums you pay only come out of your retired pay.  You would pay for a life insurance policy as soon as you agree to take out the policy whether you’re receiving retirement or not.  Next, the premiums are not taxed.  They come out before taxes on your pay are computed (try that with a life insurance policy).  Lastly, the survivor annuity is indexed for inflation every year; a life insurance policy stays the same no matter how much time passes.

 

That’s enough of my ranting for one day.  I hope this article has provided some information worthy of your consideration.  If you have any questions or comments, please post them below.  I always like knowing what others are thinking.

 

Thanks for joining me today and, of course, thank you for your service.

 

D.J.

 

References:
Retired Pay Estimate with Life Insurance Comparison


Podcast Episode 0033 – Should I Pay for SBP or Buy a Life Insurance Policy?

References:
Retired Pay Estimate with Life Insurance Comparison


YouTube Episode 0035 – Should I Pay for SBP or Buy a Life Insurance Policy?

https://youtu.be/cdvn705kWrM

References:
Retired Pay Estimate with Life Insurance Comparison


The Basics of the Survivor Benefit Plan (SBP)

I originally wrote this article as part of a script for my YouTube and podcast episodes on this topic. The total length ended up being over 3000 words. For ease of reading, I am going to break up the script into a series of shorter articles. There will be links to other parts of the total article at the end of each section.

Basic Description
Today I am going to talk about the Survivor Benefit Plan. Like its reserve component version, this is one of the most important decisions a service member must make. Also, just like the talk about the Reserve Component Survivor Benefit Plan, this episode will probably be longer than usual. This is a vital decision for every retiree so I want to be sure everything is understandable. The terms I may use are typically those used by the Army, but the information itself is the same for all branches of service. Enough prologue, I’d say; let’s dive right into today’s subject.

What is the Survivor Benefit Plan?
As I said in my articles about the reserve component version of the Survivor Benefit Plan, retired pay stops with the death of the retiree. There is no method by which a retiree may pass on his retired pay to another person in a will or other legal instrument. The Survivor Benefit Plan – or SBP – is the only way a person receiving retired pay can pass on a survivor annuity to a family member. Notice that I said, “annuity,” rather than retired pay or pension. This is not your retirement. It is something you are purchasing separately to leave some form of survivor income for your family.

So, when do I have to make this critical decision?
Very simple. You make this election when you apply for retired pay.

What happens I don’t make an election?
If the Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) has no evidence that you are single and have no dependents, they will automatically set your SBP election to spouse and compute a generic premium for you to pay. If you do in fact have no eligible beneficiaries and this default election occurs, you will need to contact a retirement services officer or DFAS directly to get the election changed.

 

References:
10 USC Subtitle A, Part II, Chapter 73, Subchapter II: Survivor Benefit Plan
Survivor Benefit Plan (Defense Finance and Accounting Service)
Advantages and Disadvantages of RCSBP / SBP
RCSBP Fact Sheet
$550 per month from SBP Compared to $100,000 Life Insurance: How Long Will It Last?
$2200 per month from SBP Compared to $100,000 Life Insurance: How Long Will It Last?
DD Form 2656 – Data for Payment of Retired Personnel
CG Form 4700 – Coast Guard, PHS, & NOAA Retired Pay Account Worksheet and Survivor Benefit Plan Election

 

Related YouTube Episodes:
The Basics of Reserve Retirement
The Notice of Basic Eligibility for Retired Pay (Twenty-Year Letter)
The Basics of the Reserve Component Survivor Benefit Plan

 

Related Articles on This Topic:
The Basics of the Survivor Benefit Plan (SBP)
How Much Will The SBP Pay My Beneficiaries and How Much Will It Cost?
Should I Buy a Life Insurance Policy Instead of Choosing the Survivor Benefit Plan?
What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of the Survivor Benefit Plan?
What Are the Coverage Options and Who Can Be Beneficiaries of the SBP?
How Do I Enroll in the Survivor Benefit Plan?